Robot framework tutorial using pycharm

28.11.2020 By Kiganris

Comment 0. This blog post is dedicated to the Robot Framework — an open-source test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development ATDD. This blog post will explain how to create your project and Selenium tests in Robot and provide tips and best practices.

Robot Framework Tutorial

In the end, I will show you how to run Robot in Taurus. But first, to understand why Robot Framework is a good solution for that, we need to understand what acceptance testing is.


Acceptance testing determines whether a system answers the acceptance criteria, defined by users needs and requirements. When we execute acceptance testing, we verify the whole system as a single unit on a high level, to understand if the system under test can be used by the end users. Usually, test engineers act as system users by executing steps and scenarios that come from requirements and business processes, by forming a set of predefined keywords.

This approach to testing, which is based on a set of keywords that can be re-used across all tests, is called keyword-driven testing. Robot Framework utilizes this approach in a very good fashion. It doesn't limit you to any approach or format with keywords: if you wish to use keywords on a high level, then it's ok.

You wish to manipulate variables and do programming with keywords? Please, go ahead. You like Gherkin syntax and want to use it to describe your tests? Feel free to do it. Additionally, Robot Framework has a rich ecosystem of internal and external libraries that consist of many useful keywords that you can re-use in your ecosystem.

But don't worry, if you didn't find a keyword you need, you can develop a new library itself. You can develop tests with the Robot Framework on Java and Python.

In the blog post, we will use Python since the framework itself is implemented on Python and there are more external libraries on Python. For more information about Robot Framework and the ecosystem, see the official site.

You can find plenty more documentation there, together with demo projects, a list of available test libraries and other tools, and so on. Sounds like a great framework, doesn't it? Let's have a look at how to use it. You can follow the test source code usage of the Robot Selenium library here. You can find the test version with custom selenium keywords here.

Install Python 2.

robot framework tutorial using pycharm

You can download it from here. There are two major versions of Python: 2.

Tutorial # 2 – Robot Framework Installation on Windows 10

Code snippets in the blog post will be given for version 2. If there is any difference for version 3. It's up to the reader to choose which version to install.

Install the python package manager pip. It can be downloaded from its download page. All further installations in the blog post will make use of pip, so it's highly recommended to install it. Download a development environment. The PyCharm Community edition will be used in the blog post.

You can download it from the Pycharm website. When developing a Python application, it's good practice to isolate its dependencies from others.By the end of the course, you should feel confident to work seamlessly with other scripters and pursue a role with any company who needs to introduce continuous integration and test automation into their software development lifecycle.

Take this Course Course Materials. Using version control for your scripts is absolutely critical for team collaboration, efficiency, and not losing work. Git is easily the most popular version control system. In this section we'll walk through all the steps necessary to create and work with Robot Framework repositories. Visual Studio Team Services is a very popular, cloud-based version control repository. Now that we know the basics, it's time to apply them in the context of a daily version control workflow.

The same concepts apply to any Git repository i. GitHub and TFS. Combined with Robot Framework and Git, Jenkins is the final key to automated "continuous testing". Sections Status. Course Progress. Git Version Control- Fundamentals. Git Version Control- Github. Git Version Control- Advanced Techniques. Jenkins Continuous Testing.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I started using PyCharm with the robot framework, but I'm facing an issue.

robot framework tutorial using pycharm

How can I run my tests? All the time I right click on my tests folder, I get an Empty test suit message from the console log. Is there any way to run each test separately like right click on the test case and hit the test runner? Once the above configuration is done, we get the option 'Robot' in the context menu on the test in the IDE. Choose that option to run your test suite in PyCharm. The bare minimum is to provide the path to the suite s that must be ran - the last parameter in the example screenshot.

PyCharm doesn't have the option to "run this specific test case" by right-clicking on it - because RF depends this information which case exactly to be provided on the CLI.

This case selection can be done in a number of ways - just look at the Robotframework's execution selectors by tags, by case names, etc. All of these options are set in the "Script parameters:" box in the run config; for example, to run tests having a tag Sanity, use --include sanityto run a specific test case - --name "My test case"and so on. By the way, one of the greatest benefits of using run configuraitons is that you can debug the execution - i. And see the test output in tests output window.

Learn more. Asked 5 years, 4 months ago. Active 8 months ago. Viewed 29k times. Guy Avraham 2, 2 2 gold badges 28 28 silver badges 38 38 bronze badges. Guilherme Pimentel Saraiva Guilherme Pimentel Saraiva 1 1 gold badge 3 3 silver badges 6 6 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. Mukesh Takhtani Mukesh Takhtani 4 4 silver badges 15 15 bronze badges. How to run test in debug mode? Iljushkin Apr 12 '16 at For running robot framework test in debug mode, you need to use RF debug library - pypi.

Iljushkin please check this link - robotframework. The most straightforward way is to create a run configuration, and then using the Run commands.

Todor Minakov Todor Minakov Hope it helps.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information.

I am totally new to automation and trying to learn RobotFramework.

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I am trying to write the scripts following some video guide. I found the whole script along with 4 sections Settings, Variables, Test cases and Keywords are in green. Not sure how to change that thing. It was kind of buggy before, but a lot of work has been done, and it works very well now. I strongly recommend giving it a shot, it makes the work a lot easier.

robot framework tutorial using pycharm

In the format you're using, two spaces mark the separation between two cells in a table row. Learn more. Asked 4 years, 5 months ago. Active 4 years, 4 months ago. Viewed 2k times. Bryan Oakley k 28 28 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. Sahid Sahid 31 1 1 silver badge 9 9 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. Bryan Oakley Bryan Oakley k 28 28 gold badges silver badges bronze badges.

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Thnks it worked, though I am getting other error. I have installed Selenium2Library, but still 'Open Bowser keyword' is not getting recognised.

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Robot Framework User Guide

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Feedback on Q2 Community Roadmap. Technical site integration observational experiment live on Stack Overflow.Take this Course Course Materials. Good test automation is easy for anyone to understand. Let's use keywords, variables, and page objects to add clarity. Using thoughtfully named variables can increase the readability of your scripts, and generally makes them easier to maintain by not repeating literal values in many places.

It's very important for scripts and especially test result logs to be intuitive, meaningful, and clear. Let's look at some ways we can make them even more readable. In this section, you will apply what you've learned from the previous sections to create a complete, layered suite with 2 tests.

I'll give you the requirements, and we'll build the suite together!

Selenium with Python Tutorial 1-Installing Python,Selenium & Pycharm IDE

Robot Framework is a generic framework that leverages many different pre-existing open source libraries to get work done. Let's take a look at several of the most common libraries. Now you have a strong working overview of how Robot Framework can help you create valuable automated tests Now it's time to dig in and read more about the library keywords and move on to the Level 2 course, plus Jenkins, Git, and Saucelabs courses! Sections Status. Selenium 3 min. Overview 1. Gherkin 3 min Introducing User-Defined Keywords 5.

Overview 3 min.

Robot Framework Tutorial

Course Progress. Create Your First Script. Script Running Options. Overview New Term: Robot vs. Make the Script More Readable. Use Variables to Centralize Data.

robot framework tutorial using pycharm

Semantic Sugar. Exploring the Robot Framework Libraries. Next Steps.It can be used in distributed, heterogeneous environments, where automation requires using different technologies and interfaces.

The framework has a rich ecosystem around it consisting of various generic libraries and tools that are developed as separate projects. Robot Framework is open source software released under the Apache License 2. Its development is sponsored by the Robot Framework Foundation. This User Guide still talks mainly about creating tests, test data, and test libraries, but same concepts apply also when creating tasks. Robot Framework is a generic, application and technology independent framework.

It has a highly modular architecture illustrated in the diagram below. The test data is in simple, easy-to-edit tabular format. When Robot Framework is started, it processes the data, executes test cases and generates logs and reports. The core framework does not know anything about the target under test, and the interaction with it is handled by libraries. Libraries can either use application interfaces directly or use lower level test tools as drivers. Following screenshots show examples of the test data and created reports and logs.

Robot Framework itself is hosted on GitHub. There are several Robot Framework mailing lists where to ask and search for more information. The mailing list archives are open for everyone including the search engines and everyone can also join these lists freely. Only list members can send mails, though, and to prevent spam new users are moderated which means that it might take a little time before your first message goes through.

Robot Framework is open source software provided under the Apache License 2. Most libraries and tools in the larger ecosystem around the framework are also open source, but they may use different licenses. These instructions cover installing and uninstalling Robot Framework and its preconditions on different operating systems. If you already have pip installed, it is enough to run:.

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NET and PyPy. Before installing the framework, an obvious precondition is installing at least one of these interpreters. Different ways to install Robot Framework itself are listed below and explained more thoroughly in the subsequent sections. Using pip is the recommended way to install Robot Framework. As the standard Python package manager it is included in the latest Python, Jython and IronPython versions.

If you already have pip available, you can simply execute:. Prior to Robot Framework 3. Because Python 2. The recommend installation approach also on Windows is using pip. The interpreter you want to use should be installed before installing the framework itself.

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Which interpreter to use depends on the needed test libraries and test environment in general. Some libraries use tools or modules that only work with Python, while others may use Java tools that require Jython or need. NET and thus IronPython. There are also many tools and libraries that run fine with all interpreters. If you do not have special needs or just want to try out the framework, it is recommended to use Python. It is the most mature implementation, considerably faster than Jython or IronPython especially start-up time is fasterand also readily available on most UNIX-like operating systems.

Another good alternative is using the standalone JAR distribution that only has Java as a precondition. Python 2 and Python 3 are mostly the same language, but they are not fully compatible with each others.All the same Lynda. Plus, personalized course recommendations tailored just for you. All the same access to your Lynda learning history and certifications. Same instructors.

New platform. That will allow you to find a link to download Pycharm. Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched? This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course. Type in the entry box, then click Enter to save your note. Start My Free Month. You started this assessment previously and didn't complete it.

You can pick up where you left off, or start over. Develop in-demand skills with access to thousands of expert-led courses on business, tech and creative topics. You are now leaving Lynda.

To access Lynda. Visit our help center. Development Tools. Preview This Course. Course Overview Transcript View Offline Exercise Files - [Instructor] Now we're going to install the application…we'll use for actually writing our scripts,…plus a plugin that allows that application…to recognize robot scripts. Resume Transcript Auto-Scroll. Author Bryan Lamb. In this course, instructor Bryan Lamb helps you discover how you can use this easy and powerful test automation tool to automate software tests quickly and easily.

After a detailed installation section, Bryan shows you how to create your very first Robot Framework script in just minutes, and then demonstrates several options for running it, including via PyCharm, Windows command line, and the Jenkins CI platform. He then walks you through the process of how to make your script more readable by incorporating variables, custom keywords, and page objects.

Finally, he provides hands-on walkthroughs of several of the most popular Robot Framework libraries.